Foreign ministry counters accusations from US secretary of state with threats to US bases
Iran has dismissed US accusations that it was responsible for a series of explosive drone attacks on the worlds largest petroleum processing facility in Saudi Arabia that disrupted more than half of the kingdoms oil output and could affect global supplies.
Yemens Iran-aligned Houthi rebel group claimed responsibility for launching waves of drones at state-owned Saudi Aramco facilities early on Saturday morning. But the US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, said there was no evidence the drones were launched in Yemen and accused Iran of an unprecedented attack on the worlds energy supply.
Iranian officials rejected those claims on Sunday and warned that US military assets in the region were within range of its missiles. Having failed at max pressure, [Pompeo is] turning to max deceit, the Iranian foreign minister, Javad Zarif, wrote on Twitter.
Irans foreign ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi told state TV the American claim was pointless. A senior commander from Irans Revolutionary Guards warned that the Islamic republic was ready for full-fledged war.
Everybody should know that all American bases and their aircraft carriers in a distance of up to 2,000km around Iran are within the range of our missiles, the head of the Revolutionary Guards Corps aerospace force, Amirali Hajizadeh, was quoted as saying by the semi-official Tasnim news agency.
Saudi Arabias oilfields and pipelines have been targeted by rebels over the past year but never on such a scale and causing such disruption. Aramco said the attacks would cut output by 5.7m barrels a day, more than 5% of global crude supply.
Oil futures jumped in the wake of the attack. Brent crude was up more than 10% and Donald Trump authorised the release of oil from the US strategic petroleum reserve, if needed.
Trump tweeted that the amount to be released was to-be-determined but it would be sufficient to keep the markets well supplied.
I have also informed all appropriate agencies to expedite approvals of the oil pipelines currently in the permitting process in Texas and various other states, he tweeted.
Saudi-led military coalition has been fighting Houthi forces in Yemen for the past four years in a war viewed partly as a proxy for the wider battle for regional supremacy between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Both the Houthis and Iran deny allegations by Saudi and western leaders that Tehran is funding, arming and training the rebel group.
The attacks are the most damaging and deepest within Saudi territory that have yet been claimed by the Yemeni rebels, and demonstrate the vulnerability of the worlds fossil fuel supply to attacks by low-tech, relatively cheap weapons.
Saudi Aramco is preparing for what Saudi Arabia hopes will be the worlds largest-ever public listing and the fuel for crown prince Mohammad bin Salmans ambitious plan to transform the Saudi economy by 2030.
But achieving the $2tn evaluation it hopes for will require the market to shrug off concerns about weakening long-term demand for the fossil fuel, as well as the ongoing US-China trade war and the prospect of a global economic slowdown.
Analysts said Saturdays attack also exposed the vulnerability of the company to geopolitical strife. The attacks could complicate Aramcos initial public offering (IPO) plans given rising security risks and potential impact on its valuation, said analysts led by Ayham Kamel, head of Middle East and North Africa research at the Eurasia Group.
Abqaiq is the nerve centre of the Saudi energy system. Even if exports resume in the next 24 to 48 hours, the image of invulnerability has been altered, Helima Croft, the global head of commodity strategy at RBC Capital Markets, told Reuters.
Some Iraqi media outlets claimed the attack originated from their country, where Iran-backed paramilitary groups are growing in capability. However, a spokesman for Iraqs ministry of defence dismissed this on Sunday. Iraq calls on all parties to stop these attacks which cause great losses of life & facilities, Yehia Rasool wrote on Twitter.
Donald Trump called Saudi Arabias crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman after the attack to express US support for Saudi security, the Saudi foreign ministry said.
Robert McNally, of the US-based Rapidan Energy Group, said: Abqaiq is perhaps the most critical facility in the world for oil supply. Oil prices will jump on this. If disruption to production is prolonged, a Strategic Petrol Reserves release from International Energy Agency (IEA) members seems both likely and sensible. If anything, the risk of tit-for-tat regional escalation, which pushes oil prices even higher, has just gone up significantly.
Britains foreign minister, Dominic Raab, condemned Saturdays attacks, calling them an attempt to disrupt global oil supplies.
This was a reckless attempt to damage regional security and disrupt global oil supplies. The UK condemns such behaviour unreservedly, Raab said on Twitter.
The UN secretary general, Antonio Guterres, also condemned the attacks and called on all sides to exercise maximum restraint, prevent any escalation amid heightened tensions and to comply at all times with International Humanitarian Law.
The IEA said it was monitoring the situation closely. A spokesman added: We are in contact with Saudi authorities as well as major producer and consumer nations. For now, markets are well supplied.